CHRIST IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM

The Heavens Declare the Glory of God

Planets
Every part of Creation is a portrait of its creator, the Lord Jesus Christ, and His work of salvation on behalf of mankind in the midst of the Angelic Conflict. The Solar System is the most striking revelation of the Person of Christ in the Heavens!

October 24, 1996


Contents

  1. Our Viewpoint of the Heavens
  2. Christ in the Solar System Summary
  3. Savior
  4. Morning Star
  5. The Earth
  6. Red Planet
  7. Almighty God
  8. Ringed Planet
  9. Mediator
  10. Redeemer
  11. Last Adam
  12. References

Our Viewpoint of the Heavens

In order to examine the Heavens, we must first have the correct perspective. We could be in Heaven looking down on the earth or we can take the perspective of any rational creature such as Moses when he wrote Genesis 1:1. In this verse the perspective is "the heavens and the earth." This means the earth is the vantage point and man looks out into all the heavens. This is rational - albeit not perhaps "scientific." If we take this perspective, then story of creation will be much easier to understand.

So all this means that our viewpoint of the Heavens is from the vantage point of Earth. Whether we are looking up at the Sun or Moon or stars, we look out into the Heavens. The Heavens were designed to portray God's story of Creation to mankind. The Earth is the center of the Universe from man's perspective - and rightfully so. This isn't arrogance but recognition of the purpose of Creation in the first place. It is important to look in the right direction for truth. Otherwise, our strategy will be wrong (and as per Von Manstein, "the strategy must be right").

Other verses of scripture corroborate this viewpoint:

The Sun

The "glory of God" is the Lord Jesus Christ. So here is the purpose of the Heavens: To declare the "glory of God", to reveal the person and plan of the Creator, the Lord Jesus Christ. And in the same Psalm: Here, the sun represents the Lord Jesus Christ, the "bridegroom." The Church is the Bride of Christ. Israel would have been, but they rejected Him. The Sun is a good symbol of Christ. There is no brighter glory in the sky, and all the planets orbit it. It is the source of light for day. Christ is light - i.e. spiritual light. The bright Sun symbolizes Christ as the source of all light. Mankind can only enter the presence of God on His terms. To attempt otherwise, would mean blindness and death, just as anyone who tried to go into the Sun. Mankind can only enter the presence of God in God's way.

The lights in the Heavens are on the backdrop of darkness. The purpose of the lights is:

The "signs" are special indicators and include symbols, graphical representations, artwork, as well as unique indicators to point out special events. "Seasons, days, and years" all relate to time. The Sun obviously indicates days and years as well as the seasons.

Moon

The Moon is used for counting months. The Moon has no light of its own but reflects the light of the Sun. From it we learn about reflected glory. Jacob knew this; and when he interpreted Joseph's dream in Genesis 37:9-10, he noted that the Moon symbolizes the Right Woman, who reflects the glory of her Right Man. In Psalm 89:36-37 the Davidic Covenant is portrayed with the Lord Jesus Christ as the Sun, who will rule on the throne of David in the Millennium; and the Congregation of Israel is portrayed as the Moon. In the symbolism of Revelation the woman who is identified with the Moon and reflecting the light of the Sun is the Congregation of Israel. The twelve stars represent the twelve tribes of Israel. Thus, the Moon symbolizes the Congregation of Israel in relation to the Lord Jehovah; and by analogy it refers to the Church in relation to Christ (1 Corinthians 15:41).

Stars

The stars in the scripture refer to individual believers or to angels. The descendants of Abraham, the Jewish race, are referred to as stars (Genesis 15:5; 22:17; 26:4). The brothers of Joseph are symbolized by stars (Genesis 37:9). In Revelation 1:20 stars symbolize pastor-teachers (believers): "the seven stars are the messengers (often incorrectly translated, angels) of the seven churches." In Revelation 12:4 one-third of the stars of heaven which fall to earth represent the fallen angels. In Isaiah 14:12 Satan is symbolized as the "star of the morning" because he falsely represents Jesus Christ, the bright Morning Star.

Planets

Scientist have identified nine planets. But if we stick with our viewpoint, "the heavens and the earth," then there are eight planets and the Earth. There are two planets near the Sun; the Earth; the Red Planet; asteroid belt; and five planets. Thus, from the vantage point of Earth, there are the Sunward planets and the heavenward planets. The planets have no light of their own but reflect the light of the Sun. So, as the Sun shines on the planets they reflect its glory and each one reveals a different aspect of the person and work of Christ. Through the planets we have monuments to the Lord Jesus Christ that glorify the Creator of the Heavens and the Earth.

The Sunward planets represent the two advents of Christ. He came the first time, born of a virgin, and went to the cross. This advent represents the incarnation of Christ, the Savior. He will return at the a second time for the Church (also called the Rapture) and a second time to deliver Israel at the end of the Tribulation (Second Advent) to set up the Millennial Kingdom. In Numbers 24:17 the "star of Jacob" represents Jesus Christ in the First Advent; and the "scepter of Israel" represents Jesus Christ in the Second Advent (the King of the Millennium).

Then there is the Earth. We can't see the Earth as a planet while standing on it. We have to go into outer space and pretend we are God in order to view it as a planet. The Earth is the focus of the Angelic Conflict. This is where it is all happening. As Shakespeare said, "All the world's a stage, and all men and women merely players."

Then the Asteroid Belt gives us a clue of the natural division of the Solar System - i.e. the heavenward planets are separated from the Sunward planets. Beyond the Asteroids are the planets that reveal the person of Christ. I have renamed them to glorify their Creator and to reveal their true meaning. The names after the gods are Satanic. I refuse to use them for anything other than reference for the mad scientists. Their true identify is:


Christ in the Solar System Summary

SCIENCE SCRIPTURE KEY INFO MEANING
SUN SUN One, Center, Light Lord Jesus Christ
MOON MOON Reflects glory of Sun Church, Woman
Mercury Savior 1st Planet, Hidden Christ 1st Advent, Kenosis
Venus Morning Star Bright, Herald of Dawn Christ 2nd Advent, Battlefield Royalty
Earth Earth Home of Mankind Center of Anglic Conflict
Mars Red Planet Red Blood of Christ, Sacrifice on the Cross
Jupiter Almighty God Largest Planet, Red Spot Sovereign Authority, Victory of Cross
Saturn Ringed Planet Rings, Beauty God of the Covenants
Uranus Mediator Axis 97 degrees (E&W) Christ Mediator, Unlimited Atonement
Neptune Redeemer Interlocking orbit Redemption, the Resurrected Christ
Pluto Last Adam Small, Last, large moon Humanity of Christ, (moon - Church)


SAVIOR

FIRST PLANET

Defining Characteristics

Meaning

The first planet represents the first advent of Christ. The purpose of the first advent was to go to the cross. The cross had to come before the crown. In the first advent, He was the Savior, who paid for the sins of the world to provide salvation for all mankind. So the first light to come out and shine was the herald and perhaps this is why Satan named the first planet Mercury. However, we will call it the Savior.

The first advent was predicted by Isaiah and recorded as fulfilled by Matthew:

The planet is hidden from view by the Sun. This represents in Theology the Doctrine of Kenosis: Christ independently restricted the independent use of His deity in order to fulfill the Plan of God and provide salvation for mankind. Regarding the numbers in the Statistics, the orbital period of 87.969 days is the number for a donkey. Jesus Christ in His first advent came on a donkey as predicted by Psalm 118:26 and fullfilled on Palm Sunday (John 12:15). See the Red Planet for the details. If, however, we round the number up, it is the number for blessing, which undoubtedly refers to the blessing of the Virgin Birth.

The rotation period of 3 times per two orbits call attention to the Trinity, 3, and the second person of the Trinity, the Lord Jesus Christ.

Statistics

Mass (Earth = 1) .................................    0.05527
Equatorial radius (Earth = 1) ....................    0.38252
Mean distance from the Sun (Earth = 1) .............. 0.3871
Rotational period (days) ............................ 58.6462
Orbital period (days) ............................... 87.969
Tilt of axis ......................................... 0.00

MORNING STAR

Morning Star

Links:  | The Morning Star - detailed explanation with latest pictures |

Defining Characteristics

Meaning

The Morning Star is the brightest and most visible planet. It is not a star, but it is always referred to as the Morning or Evening Star. It represents the Lord Jesus Christ in His Second Advent when He returns to establish the Millennial Kingdom. The "root and offspring of David" refers to Jesus Christ, the "root of Jesse" (Isaiah 11:10; Romans 15:12), in His first advent. The "bright morning star" refers to the Second Advent at the end of the Tribulation when Jesus Christ will conquer the enemies of Israel in the Battle of Armageddon. At the Second Advent Christ will return and make His enemies a footstool. This is the symbol of a conqueror. The Morning Star has a Rotation Period of -243 days (retrograde). The number 243 means "to fulfill" in scripture. This is derived from Exodus 12:40-41 compared with Galatians 3:17 where the congregation of Israel lived in Egypt for 430 years to the day. Jesus Christ, the seed of Abraham, is the fulfillment of the Law. He fulfills everything. The number, 243, is 35 - the number, 3, the Trinity, raised to the 5th (number for grace) power. This can only mean the effulgence of deity. The Lord Jesus Christ is the effulgence of deity - the visible manifestation of the Godhead. Note also the year of 224 days. This is a number for a Strategic Victory. This is a little complicated. It begins with 24, which is the number for the Elders of Israel (Rev. 4:4, 10; 5:8; 11:16; 19:4). The devil's strategy in the Angelic Conflict has always been to annihilate Israel; and this is exactly what he will be trying to do by inspiring the Battle of Armageddon. The Lord Jesus Christ will return, however, at the Second Advent and deliver Israel. The axis is pointed 177 degrees, which is almost exactly down. This refers to coming down to earth at the Second Advent.

There are two numbers for blessing, 88's, in the statistics: The volume of the planet compared to Earth (.88) and the surface gravity compared to earth (.88).4 The Order of the Morning Star is the highest service decoration to be given to believers who have maximum historical impact and who glorify our Lord Jesus Christ.

Statistics

Mass (Earth = 1) ....................................  0.8147

Equatorial radius (Earth = 1) ........................ 0.9488
Mean distance from the Sun (Earth = 1) ............... 0.7233
Rotational period (days) .......................... -243
Orbital period (days) .............................. 224.701
Tilt of axis ....................................... 177

EARTH

Earth

Defining Characteristics

Meaning

The Earth was created before Angels, but was refashioned for Mankind to resolve the Angelic Conflict after the fall of Satan. Originally Satan was managing the Garden of God. Then he sinned and was booted out of Heaven. He took a third of the angels with him (Ezekiel 28:16). Satan had arrogant ambition (Isaiah 7:12-14). He thought he could rule the earth (and keep up God's greenhouse down here) as good as God. He sinned and was given an opportunity to receive salvation. But he rejected it and was cast out of Heaven and down to earth in the prehistoric Angelic Conflict. After Satan rejected salvation, he was sentenced to be cast into the Lake of Fire (Isaiah 7:15 and Matt 25:41) at the heart of the earth (Sheol, in Hebrew).

However, Satan's sentence is not to be carried out until Revelation 20:10 (after the Millennium). We deduce from this lapse of time and the intervening human history that Satan appealed the sentence. In essence, he said, "How could a God of love condemn me to the Lake of Fire?"

The earth was refashioned in seven days (Genesis 7:15), and man was placed on it to resolve the Angelic Conflict and to bring "many sons into glory" (Heb 2:10). The earth is the stage which demonstrates the justice of God in sentencing Satan to the Lake of Fire. It is the center of the Angelic Conflict. The Supreme Court of Heaven is trying the case. Satan is the Defense Attorney (false accuser of the brethren) and the Lord Jesus Christ is the Prosecuting Attorney. Believers are witnesses just as Job was. Human history demonstrates the Justice and Righteousness of the Plan of God and proves Satan wrong.


RED PLANET

Red Planet

Hubble Space Telescope (Full Animation) (MPEG) 757 K (NASA)

Defining Characteristics

Meaning

Links:  | The Red Planet - detailed explanation with latest pictures |
The blood of Christ, who died on the cross as a substitute for us. In the ritual of the Tabernacle for Israel, animals were sacrificed on the altar to represent a life for a life, the price of redemption from the slavery to sin which mankind had been under since the fall. The color of the Red Planet can have no other meaning. This planet is clearly a representation of Christ our sacrifice: the same meaning as the Brazen Altar in the Tabernacle. Regarding the meaning of the numbers in the Statistics: The rotational period of 24 hours is the number for a strategic advance. In this case the substitutionary death of Christ on the cross was a strategic victory, which paid in full the promises of salvation and broke the back of Satan. Satan inspired the conspiracy that sent Christ to the cross. This was typical of Satan's strategy as revealed in the number 24. The number 25 degrees for the tilt of the axis is the number for the Sovereignty of God. It was the sovereign will of God in the Plan of God for Jesus Christ to pay for the sins of the world. The Orbital Period (686.98 rounded up to 687 days) is probably best interpreted as 687 days. However, both numbers are applicable. The number 687 is the number for a donkey. Jesus Christ came riding on a donkey as predicted in Psalm 118:26, and it was the Palm Sunday politics that sent Him to the cross. The Jews hailed Him as King but rejected Him as Savior. The cross had to come before the crown. This story is covered in all the Gospels (Matthew 21, Mark 11, Luke 19, John 12:15). If, on the other hand, the 686.98 is taken; then the 86 is for the son of the bondwoman who persecutes the son of the free. The Jewish religious leaders persecuted Christ in sending Him to the cross. The decimal, .98, refers to Ichabod, the glory of the Lord has departed. Christ had no glory on the cross.

Statistics

Mass (Earth = 1) ....................................... 0.10745
Equatorial radius (Earth = 1) ...................... 0.53264
Mean distance from the Sun (Earth = 1) ..... 1.5237
Rotational period (hours) .......................... 24.6229
Orbital period (days) ............................... 686.98
Tilt of axis ................................................. 25.19

ALMIGHTY GOD

Almighty God

Red Spot

Defining Characteristics

Meaning

The Almighty God Planet, the biggest and boldest planet in the Solar System, symbolizes the Lord Jesus Christ as Almighty God, the highest, sovereign authority over all Creation.  He was called "Mighty God" (Isa 9:6), "Most High over all the Earth" (Psalm 97:9), and "the blessed and only Sovereign" (1 Tim 6:15).  The planet is also a portrait of the resurrected Christ as the victor over Satan. When Christ arose from the grave with a resurrection body, He won the Angelic Conflict. The Great Red Spot symbolizes the place where the Roman spear pierced the side of Christ.  The planet also symbolizes the subsequent promotion of the Lord Jesus Christ in Resurrection to "King of kings and Lord of lords" (1 Tim 6:15).

Statistics

Mass (Earth = 1) ................................. 317.94
Equatorial radius (Earth = 1) .................... 11.209
Mean distance from the Sun (Earth = 1) .............5.2028
Rotational period (hours) ..........................9.841
Orbital period (years) ............................11.8623
Tilt of axis ...................................... 3.13

RINGED PLANET

Ringed Planet

Star of David

Cassini Hex Pattern Ringed Planet Hex Pattern, NASA
Ringed Planet Hex Pattern, NASA
Star Star of David Star of David

Defining Characteristics

Meaning

The Ringed Planet refers to the Lord Jesus Christ as the God of the Covenants.  The hexagonal pattern encircling the north pole is the symbol for a stronghold or a seal, as one made with a signet ring.  Since six is the number for man, the hexagonal pattern on top of the Ringed Planet symbolizes Jesus Christ, the God-man, who made the covenants and sealed them with His seal.  The hexagonal pattern is also commonly believed to mark out the points of an inscribed Star of David.  The six-sided star is a sign of great blessing.  The six-pointed star near the north pole is a sign of God's covenants with man, especially the Adamic and Davidic covenants.  And it is a sign of Jesus Christ as the son of David, who will rule from the throne of David during the Millennium (Revelation 3:7; 5:5; 22:16).
Ringed Planet Crown of Glory, NASA
The northern lights of the Ringed Planet have been detected in infrared photographs, which are not in the visible light spectrum.  These northern lights are shown in blue in the enhanced photograph.6  The northern lights encircling the hexagonal pattern symbolize the crown of glory of the Lord Jesus Christ seated on the Millennial Throne of David (Psalm 89:34-37; Isaiah 24:23).

Statistics

Mass (Earth = 1) ................................. 95.181
Equatorial radius (Earth = 1) ....................  9.449
Mean distance from the Sun (Earth = 1) ............ 9.5388
Rotational period (hours) ........................ 10.233
Orbital period (years) ............................29.458
Tilt of axis ......................................25.33
Hex pattern encircles north pole near 78 degrees

THE MEDIATOR

Mediator

Defining Characteristics

Meaning

This planet refers to the Lord Jesus Christ as the Mediator of the New Covenant to the Church. But what is a mediator? A mediator is a person who brings two groups together similar to an arbiter. An arbiter is one whom both parties trust, and a mediator is similar. However, in the case before us, the two parties are God and mankind. The problem is that God is absolute righteousness and His perfect justice can have nothing to do with sin. To come into God's presence with sin would mean instant death. So the mediator had to be equal with God to be acceptable to Him and equal to mankind to be able to represent them. The perfect humanity of Jesus Christ is the only one who could meet these criteria. So Christ became the perfect mediator. The mediation required the payment for the sins of the world to satisfy the demands of a righteous God. By the work of Christ on the cross, He reconciled all mankind to Himself. Christ was perfect righteousness; so He was acceptable to God. Mankind was reconciled to Christ, and God accepted mankind as being in Christ. So mankind was reconciled to God on the basis of the substitutionary sacrifice of Christ for the sins of the world.

The number 84 (length of a year on Planet Mediator) points us to Anna, the widow who prophesied at the dedication of the Christ child in the Temple (Luke 2:36-38). She was one who recognized the need for the Mediator to ransom (redeem) believers. This is explained in 1 Timothy 2:5:

In 2006 the outer ring of the planet was discovered to be blue with a red ring inside it.  Blue stands for the Righteousness of God and red represents Christ, our sacrifice (reference rainbow).  This is the perfect description of the Mediator in 1 Timothy 2:5.

The number for the distance from the Sun is 19 AU. This is the number for royalty because there were 19 kings in both the Northern and Southern Kingdoms of Israel. Jesus Christ became a High Priest after the order of Melchizedek (who was a King) (Hebrews 5:6, 10; 6:20; 7:1, 10, 11, 15, 17). This means Christ could not be a High Priest of Israel since their priests had to be from the tribe of Levi and Christ was from the Tribe of Judah. Jesus Christ became the High Priest of the Church. The Mediator was the Mediator of the New Covenant to the Church - not to Israel. This does not mean that Jews cannot have salvation under the New Covenant to the Church in this age.

Jesus Christ was the last Passover sacrifice. The number 14 (Mass relation to Earth) refers to the Passover, which was always celebrated on the 14th in Israel. Christ was the last (62 for the end, Volume relative to Earth) sacrifice for sin (Hebrews 7:27; 9:12; 10:10; 1 Peter 3:18; Jude 3). The Passover celebration ended when He became the reality and offered Himself "once for all." The axis which points East and West as opposed to North and South stands out among the other planets. This refers to Unlimited Atonement, i.e. Christ paid for the sins of the entire world. He did not just die for the elect. And this is the meaning of the axis tilted 97 degrees (East - West). The 97 degrees refers to a Reduction in Force (RIF), which here symbolically refers to the rejection of Jesus Christ, the sin-bearer by God the Father while He was judging our sins on the cross. God cannot look on sin (Habakkuk 1:13). Jesus Christ alone bore the sins of the world. The number 17 (rotational period) is the number for lawlessness, sins, transgressions, all of which Christ handled on the cross.

Statistics

Mass (Earth = 1) ........................... 14.53  Passover
Equatorial radius (Earth = 1) ..............  4.00  Weakness
Mean distance from the Sun (Earth = 1) ..... 19.19  Royalty, Ruler
Rotational period (hours) .................. 17.9   Lawlessness, sin
Orbital period (years) ..................... 84.01  Widow
Tilt of axis ............................... 97.86  Reduction in Force (RIF)
Volume4 (Earth = 1).......................... 62    The End

REDEEMER

Redeemer

Great Dark Spot

Defining Characteristics

Meaning

The number 54 symbolizes redemption in the scripture. The interlocking orbit of the Redeemer and the Last Adam (Planet) symbolize a chain of bondage. The Lord Jesus Christ as the Redeemer purchased us from the bondage of sin. The number 30 (distance from the Sun) is for a Priest - Jesus Christ, our High Priest. The Great Dark Spot along with the white scooters of this planet symbolize the scar tissue from the healed body of Christ following His resurrection - the nail-scarred hands, feet, and side.

Statistics

Mass (Earth = 1) .................................    17.135
Equatorial radius (Earth = 1) ....................     3.8799
Mean distance from the Sun (Earth = 1) .............. 30.0611
Rotational period (hours) ........................... 16.11
Orbital period (years) ............................. 164.79
Tilt of axis ........................................ 28.31

LAST ADAM

  Last Adam

Defining Characteristics

Meaning

The Last Adam (Planet) symbolizes the perfect humanity of Christ, who was uniquely qualified to be the Mediator. The color of the Last Adam planet is the color of human flesh, corresponding to the humanity of Christ in Hypostatic Union.  In order to be a Mediator for mankind, Christ had to become a man.   In order to pay for sin, Christ had to be impeccable. The number, 6, is the number for man because Adam was created on the sixth day. The Lord Jesus Christ was perfect just like Adam was perfect before he sinned. In order to pay for Adam's original sin, Jesus Christ had to be perfect like Adam.
Therefore, when He entered the world, He said,
"Sacrifice and offering You have not desired,
But a body You have prepared for Me;" (Hebrews 10:5)

Last Adam Foot

Last Adam Last Adam
The Last Adam Planet contains the image of a foot, corresponding to the foot of Jesus Christ in Hypostatic Union.  This is illustrated in the left image compared to the right image, which is the original.  The foot symbolizes the victory of the cross promised in the Adamic Covenant and the victory over the enemies of Christ who will be a footstool for His feet (Heb 10:13).
Genesis 3:15 Victory of the Cross Foretold
I will put enmity between you and the woman,
And between your seed and her seed;
He shall crush your head,
And you shall crush his heel.
The Adamic Covenant promised the coming Savior who would be born as the seed of the woman (Virgin Birth).  The Savior would crush the head of the serpent (Satan) in the victory of the cross.  And Satan would crush the heel of the Savior by sending him to the cross.  The sins of Adam and the entire world were judged by the substitutionary spiritual death of Jesus Christ on the cross.

After paying for the sins of the world on the cross, Jesus Christ rose to Heaven where He is waiting for His enemies to be made a footstool for His feet (Heb 10:12-13).  That will occur at the Second Advent.

The Last Adam Planet further symbolizes the feet of the spiritual body.  The feet should be shod with peace (Rom 16:20; Eph 6:15).

Last Adam & Moon

Last Adam and Moon
The moon of the Last Adam is significant in comparison to other moons. This one is very large in relation to the planet. Some have even postulated that it is a planet. The Last Adam and its moon orbit a common center of gravity with mutual tidal locking.  They keep the same face toward each other all the time.9
 
Last Adam Moon True Color
True Color
Last Adam Moon Enhanced Color
Enhanced Color

Last Adam OrbitThe orbit of the Last Adam around the center of gravity symbolizes Jesus Christ as the uniquely born Son of God (Jn 3:16).  Jesus Christ was God and man (Heb 2:14).  The moon symbolizes the human race.  The red spot on the pole of the moon symbolizes Adam's original sin that was passed down to the children of Adam (Rom 5:15, 16; Isa 53:6).  In order for God to adopt the children of Adam, Jesus Christ had to pay for their sins (1 Cor 15:22, 45) so they could be reconciled to God (Col 1:20, 22).  Those who believe in Jesus Christ receive Salvation and are adopted into the Family of God (Gal 4:5; Eph 1:5; 2:8-9).  They becomes children of God (Gal 3:26).

The distance of 39 AU symbolizes the sin unto death, which is what happened when the first Adam sinned. The Lord Jesus Christ had to pay for the sins of the human race - "in Adam all die" (1 Corinthians 15:22). The Last Adam is also Christ in His omega glory.

Statistics

Mass (Earth = 1) .................................... 0.002158
Equatorial radius (Earth = 1) ....................... 0.018603
Mean distance from the Sun (Earth = 1) ............. 39.5294
Rotational period (days) ........................... -6.3872
Orbital period (years) ............................ 248.54
Tilt of axis ...................................... 122.52







REFERENCES

1. NAS - New American Standard Bible. (La Habra, California: Lockman Foundation)

2. Deleted.

3. Hamilton, Calvin J. "Views of the Solar System,"   http://planetscapes.com/

4. Times Books Ltd and John Bartholomew & Son Ltd., The Times Family Atlas of the World (Topsfield, MA: Salem House Publishers), 1988, p. 62.

5.  NASA, "Saturn's Strange Hexagon," March 27, 2007. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/cassini/multimedia/pia09188.html

6.  NASA, "Cassini Finds Mysterious New Aurora on Saturn," November 12, 2008.  http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/cassini/media/cassini-20081112.html

7.  NASA,  "NASA's Cassini Spacecraft Obtains Best Views of Saturn Hexagon,"  JPL-Caltech/SSI/Hampton University, Dec. 4, 2013.

8.  NASA,  "New Horizons," July 2015.

9.  "Charon (moon),", Wikipedia, Dec. 24, 2016.
 


Larry Wood, 1996 - Revised June 5, 2017.
Author: Larry Wood
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