Governing Authority Between God and Man!

The key to understanding God's administration over all Creation is His Covenants. This knowledge explains the order of the Heavens, mankind, human history, plant and animal life - all creation! If God made it, there must be a simple pattern; and here it is...

The Ringed Planet Represents the God of the Covenants

Covenants of History

1. Edenic
2. Adamic
3. Noahic
4. Abrahamic
5. Mosaic
6. Gospel of Jesus Christ
7. Church (New Covenant)
8. Tribulation - Part 1 (Evangelism)
9. Tribulation - Part 2 (Great Tribulation)
10. Baptism of Fire
11. Millennium (New Covenant to Israel/Davidic)
12. Final Judgment



The amazing thing about the Plan of God is the more you understand, the simpler it gets. If God were designing a Plan for the Bible; then it must have a simple plan. Otherwise, how could anyone make heads or tails out of a collection of scripture through the ages without an HTML outline? If God is all-wise, omniscient, then He knew this. Therefore, this simple Plan must be there. How would one know if He found it? It would probably be simple; link the entire Bible together; cover all of creation, human history, be part of scripture; and be compatible with all scripture.

This subject in Theology is called dispensationalism, which is the interpretation of scripture according a set of defined epochs of the administration of God. I first studied this subject from the notes of the Scofield Bible. Since then I have seen other brilliant theologians tackle the dilemma. They tried various categories and subcategories. If you're thinking of running away, hang in a little longer. We all carry with us a Bible that is divided into two categories - Old and New Testament. Now, this is a classic. The Bible itself defines an Old and a New Covenant, but the word, Testament, is an incorrect translation. Our Bibles should be labeled Old and New Covenants.

Then why, if the scholars are so brilliant, do they make such stupid mistakes? But is this a stupid mistake or is it a simple choice of translations? No, this one is a stupid one. Why? Because the whole subject is about Covenants - not testimony. This is not a simple choice of terms. It is a key to understanding the entire Bible. It is mind boggling that our understanding of the most studied book in history is so lacking. And this is the reason the truth needs to be documented. Otherwise, the Word will never be correctly interpreted.

Without a clear definition of the parts of the Bible, it is nothing more than a data base of scriptures or a collection of articles on various subjects. The writers of the King James Bible did one good thing for history: They labeled each verse with a number. Of course, they got the numbers wrong; but, at least, we have a common numbering standard that all of us can follow. We'll stick with the verse numbering standard for now; but the translation has to go.

The Covenants are the key the dispensationalists (I'm one too) have overlooked. Scofield used seven dispensations because (after all) that is the number for the completion of a category; so Scofield guessed that there must be seven dispensations. There is only one problem with this. When God numbers something, all the numbers are important - not just the summation. The first, second, third, etc., all had to be correct also. The Bible and its application must always be consistent in terms of everything - words, colors, numbers, time, sequence. The only person who can make everything fit perfectly is God. So when we find His truth, it's like a prime number. It stands out.

So I have defined the Plan of God in terms of God's Covenants with mankind. The Covenants are listed in scripture; they are correctly ordered; and they contain the contractual obligations between God and man, which is the purpose of scripture. This approach has many advantages: The outline is simple, covers all of creation, includes all of human history, is numerically correct, and fulfills the criteria for experiential sanctification. Maybe I better explain this last one.

The Word of God is alive - not a piece of literature about ancient theory or brilliant observations. The Bible is applicable to the computer programmer as well as to the unemployed native of the bush. It is for the scholar as well as manual laborer. It is for all mankind. Those who went to Harvard and those who didn't. The scholar can't refute it and its content will not be too difficult for the uneducated. The Bible is designed to be used by all.

Yet, if there is one field that is a disaster, it is the correct application of Bible Doctrine to experience - i.e. experiential sanctification. Experiential sanctification means vindication of our faith application. Perhaps this shouldn't be too surprising, since most people study academically beyond their means of application. Most people never use on the job the subjects they studied in school. Most people are educated beyond their intelligence. So, when someone sees "Old Testament" and "New Testament", it doesn't bother them a bit because they don't think - don't make application - don't perceive. And they are content in their ignorance or falsely secure in their arrogance.

Ah arrogance! As Shakespeare would say, "There's the rub." We fail to apply doctrine because of our arrogance. We fail to perceive because of our arrogance. We fail to apply because we either lack doctrine or lack the humility to believe it. We see a list of terms under a big word like dispensations and we don't stop to think, "Does it all line up?" The list of covenants that I have given purports to line up. The numbers are correct. The application fits the strategy for the Bible and for human history.

Covenant Definition

Covenant - a. a written agreement or promise usually under seal between two or more parties, especially for the performance of some action b. the common-law action to recover damages for breach of such a contract. Webster
A covenant has the following defining characteristics: A covenant is a contract between two parties, and breaking a covenant may be a violation of law that brings judgment.


Man was created to resolve the prehistoric Angelic Conflict. When Satan sinned and was sentenced to the Lake of Fire (eternal judgment), he appealed the decision. Mankind was created to prove that God was just. Adam and the woman were created as perfect specimens of humanity and placed in a perfect environment in the Garden of Eden. They were given a volitional test, the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil, so they could demonstrate the choice of good or evil. After they sinned, they needed someone to pay for their sins and provide salvation. The Plan of God did this by the Lord Jesus Christ, the perfect man, and His substitutionary spiritual death on the cross. The Mosaic Law provided a clear definition of sin and the necessary redemption by means of the ritual of the Tabernacle. The blood sacrifice of the animal was a ritualistic symbol of the spiritual death of the Saviour, who would be given to provide salvation for mankind.

At the right time in human history, Jesus Christ came and went to the cross to purchase our salvation. When Jesus Christ was hanging on the cross, God the Father poured out the sins of the world on Him and judged them. All that separated God from man was removed through the substitutionary spiritual death of Christ on the cross. Anyone can be saved by simply believing in Jesus Christ. This is a volitional choice. Those who want salvation can have it. Those who do not choose it will receive the consequences of evil along with Satan - i.e. condemnation to the Lake of Fire - eternal judgment.

On the cross Jesus Christ provided all the payment necessary for mankind to be saved. This proved that God's Plan could handle everything - including sin. Satan had been faked out. He instigated the death of Christ on the cross not knowing that it would bring about the fulfillment of the Plan of God in the payment for the sins of the world. The death of Christ on the cross was a victory over Satan, the ruler of the world. The Lord Jesus Christ died on the cross and was resurrected. After three days, he received a resurrection body. The grave could not hold him. He was not dead, but alive!

After His resurrection, before He ascended into Heaven, the Lord spoke to His disciples to explain what had happened:

All authority has been given to Me in Heaven and on earth. Matt. 28:18b.
After the cross, human history had not been fulfilled because the prophecies of the Millennial reign of the Messiah were still future. Further, the King did not have a royal family because He came to His own (the Jews) and they rejected Him (John 1:11). They crucified Him. Therefore, the Church was called out to be the Royal Family for the King. So human history had to continue after the cross.


Here is the very key to unlock the mystery of human history and the Plan of God in scripture. It is what He told his disciples in Matthew 28:18: "All authority has been given to Me in Heaven and on earth." Jesus Christ had authority in Heaven before the cross, but after the cross, He also had authority on earth. The devil had been the ruler of the world; but after the cross, the authority over the world as well belonged to Christ. He didn't kick the devil out; but He is free to give us all things (Rom. 8:32), the spoils of victory.

All of human history is under the authority of the Lord Jesus Christ. All of creation is under His authority:

Colossians 1:16 For by Him all things were created, both in the heavens and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or dominions or rulers or authorities—all things have been created by Him and for Him. 17 And He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together.
So this is the key: All things are under the authority of the Lord Jesus Christ. Periodically, through history He provides Covenants to administer all creation. He writes the Covenant, gives it to a man, and those people who are alive during that era are under the Covenant. They are under the Covenant if they are willing to obey it; and if they choose to disobey it, they will suffer the judgment. So here is the key: Jesus Christ administers the Plan of God through the Covenants. He writes the contract, gives it to us in scripture, and we must obey it or suffer the consequences.


If the Covenants are the key outline of the Plan of God and human history, there are far reaching ramifications. If this is really true, then all things have to line up with them - not just scripture, but human history, and all of creation. Yes, the stars have to line up, the planets have to line up, the Sun and Moon have to line up. The animal kingdom has to line up. The plants have to line up. Human life has to line up.


1. Edenic Covenant

Gen 2:16 And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, "From any tree of the garden you may eat freely; 17 but from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat from it you shall surely die." (NAS)
Number 1 - Meaning: Unity, sovereignty, indivisibility.
The first man was created perfect with a body, soul, and spirit. Adam, and later his Right Woman, were created without sin and placed in a perfect environment, the Garden of Eden. They were both very beautiful specimens of humanity as well as geniuses. They had a perfect marriage, perfect sex, perfect happiness. It doesn't get any better in this life.

The Covenant between God and man was the tree test. There was only one way they could sin: By eating the forbidden fruit of the Tree of the Knowledge of Good and Evil. In perfection, they didn't have a conscience and didn't need one, since there was no need to recognize sin. They didn't have lust or arrogance or any other craving of the Old Sin Nature. They had to eat the forbidden fruit to sin.

When they sinned, they would suffer the consequences of violating the Covenant. When they ate of it, they would die twice - spiritually and physically. The original Hebrew has a doubling of the word for death, which means literally, "dying you shall die," i.e. "dying (spiritually), you will die (physically)."

Now Satan was very crafty, and he enticed them into sin. This proves that perfect environment is not the answer to man's problems. Anyway, man sinned and suffered the judgment for it: First, spiritual death (separation from God); and then physical death.

2. Adamic Covenant (Gen. 3:14-19)

Gen 3:15 And I will put enmity Between you and the woman, And between your seed and her seed; He shall bruise you on the head, And you shall bruise him on the heel." (NAS)
Number 2 - Meaning: Division, separation, broken.
After Adam and the Woman sinned, the Lord Jesus Christ pronounced their judgment in the form of another Covenant. From mankind would come a Saviour (Gen. 3:15), who would pay for the sins of the world. Genesis 3:15 foretells the Cross, where Satan will bruise the heel of the Lord Jesus Christ and where Christ will crush Satan's head (the only way to kill a snake). Genesis 3:16 judges the woman as the bearer of children and places her under the authority of her husband.

3. Noahic Covenant (Gen. 8:21 - 9:17)

Gen 9:8 Then God spoke to Noah and to his sons with him, saying, 9 "Now behold, I Myself do establish My covenant with you, and with your descendants after you; Gen 9:17 And God said to Noah, "This is the sign of the covenant which I have established between Me and all flesh that is on the earth."
Number 3 - Meaning: The Trinity; justice of the Holy Spirit.
After Adam sinned, the human race got progressively worse. Satan knew the Adamic Covenant promised a Savior, who would be born from the woman. Therefore, he attacked the human race. The fallen angels came down (Gen. 6) and cohabited with women and produced a race of gods and goddesses. So there is some truth to mythology. When God sent the flood, only Noah's family (8 people in all) were free from genetic defect. God delivered them along with animals that had not been contaminated.

After the terrible catastrophe, which is reported in every major history, God gave a Covenant to Noah and promised never to destroy all flesh. He put a rainbow in the sky to verify this. The rainbow then becomes a symbol of the end of judgment. The ramification of the Noahic Covenant would soon occur: Nationalism would appear. The Tower of Babel was a counterattack upon nationalism. God destroyed it and confused the languages to establish nationalism. This was the only way to insure freedom in the devil's world. Freedom through military victory became the way of preserving human freedom.

4. Abrahamic Covenant (Gen 12:2-3; 17; 18:10, 18, 19)

Gen 12:2 And I will make you a great nation, And I will bless you, And make your name great; And so you shall be a blessing; 3 And I will bless those who bless you, And the one who curses you I will curse. And in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed."
Gen 17:1 Now when Abram was ninety-nine years old, the Lord appeared to Abram and said to him, "I am God Almighty; Walk before Me, and be blameless. 2 "And I will establish My covenant between Me and you, And I will multiply you exceedingly." 4 "As for Me, behold, My covenant is with you, And you shall be the father of a multitude of nations. 8 "And I will give to you and to your descendants after you, the land of your sojournings, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God." 10 "This is My covenant, which you shall keep, between Me and you and your descendants after you: every male among you shall be circumcised. 15 Then God said to Abraham, "As for Sarai your wife, you shall not call her name Sarai, but Sarah shall be her name. 16 "And I will bless her, and indeed I will give you a son by her. Then I will bless her, and she shall be a mother of nations; kings of peoples shall come from her."
Number 4 - Meaning: Weakness. The weakness of man in his dependence upon Sovereign God. Abraham became the Father of the Jewish race but not until age 100 when he and his wife were past the childbearing age and sexually dead. God had to work a miracle.
Abraham believed in Jehovah, was saved, and responded to the grace of God. He left Ur in the Chaldean Empire to go to Canaan in compliance with the will of God. God promised him a son who would become a great nation. Abraham became the first Jew by a miracle of God when God revived him and his wife sexually (Rom. 4:19) and gave them a son. The Abrahamic Covenant is unconditional. It depended on the Sovereignty of God to fulfill it - not the work of man.

The Abrahamic Covenant provided a new race, the Jewish Race, to be God's chosen people. The Covenant promised a new nation, a theocracy, and blessings upon Abraham and his descendants along with cursing upon their enemies. The new race was to be set apart for a relationship with God. The race would be special, the keepers of God's commandments, and the means whereby the world could be evangelized.

Additional provisions of God's covenants with Abraham included a land grant. This is usually referred to as the Palestinian Covenant. All the land of Canaan all the way to Africa and Turkey was deeded to Abraham and his descendants. Anyone else who touches this land will be cursed per the Abrahamic Covenant.

5. Mosaic Covenant (Law) (Ex 24:4-8; 34:27; Deut. 29:1; Heb. 9:19)

Ex 34:27 Then the Lord said to Moses, "Write down these words, for in accordance with these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel."
Heb 9:19 For when every commandment had been spoken by Moses to all the people according to the Law, he took the blood of the calves and the goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people, 20 saying, "This is the blood of the covenant which God commanded you."
Number 5 - Meaning: Grace. The Lord fulfilled His promise to Abraham and made a great Jewish Client Nation. The Lord Jesus Christ in the form of the Shekanah Glory dwelt in the Tabernacle.
God made a Covenant with Moses. The provisions of this Covenant are called the Law. They include: The Mosaic Law defined sin and prepared man for the Savior. The nation of Israel became the greatest nation on earth by following the Law. This nation was the salt of the earth that was the focal point of human history from 1440 BC until the coming of Christ. In the Mosaic Law we see the grace of God in preparing human history for the coming of Christ.

During the period of the Law the Davidic Covenant was given to David. This Covenant, which is listed under the New Covenant to Israel (Millennium), insured that Christ would be born in the Davidic line, and that Christ would sit on the throne in the Millennium.

6. Gospel of Jesus Christ

Gal 4:4 But when the fullness of the time came, God sent forth His Son, born of a woman, born under the Law, 5 in order that He might redeem those who were under the Law, that we might receive the adoption as sons.
Heb. 7:17 For it is witnessed of Him, "Thou art a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek."
Heb 7:21 (for they indeed became priests without an oath, but He with an oath through the One who said to Him, "The Lord has sworn And will not change His mind, ‘Thou art a priest forever’"); 22 so much the more also Jesus has become the guarantee of a better covenant.
Matt 28:18b "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.
Rom 5:10 For if while we were enemies, we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. 11 And not only this, but we also exult in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.
2 Cor 5:19 Namely, that God by means of Christ was reconciling the world to Himself by not imputing their sins to them and entrusted to us the doctrine of reconciliation.
Number 6 - Meaning: Man, since Adam was created on the sixth day. Jesus Christ was perfect humanity and perfectly prepared to be the mediator for mankind.
In the fullness of time, the focal point of human history, Jesus Christ was born of a Virgin. He fulfilled the Davidic Covenant. He was descended from David and Bathshebah's younger son, Nathan, through Mary and through their older son, Solomon, through Joseph. The Virgin Birth of Jesus meant that He was born without an earthly father; and therefore, without the sin of Adam, and without an Old Sin Nature. Jesus Christ was perfect humanity. He lived a life of sinless perfection, and was uniquely qualified to bear the sins of the world and be a mediator for all mankind.

Jesus Christ bore the sins of the world on the cross. He paid for all the sins of the human race from beginning to end. He, therefore, satisfied the requirement of God for a relationship with man, since the sins of mankind were all judged. God was satisfied with the work of Christ on the cross. As the mediator for God and man, then mankind was reconciled to God. The Lord Jesus Christ, as the perfect man, reconciled man to God. He handled our sins. He opened the door of salvation for all who would believe. All of human history looked forward to the cross from the time Adam and Eve waited for the Savior, and all of human history looks back to the cross as the decisive payment of man's debt against God.

Christ won the Strategic Victory on the cross. It was a victory for all mankind; but it was also a victory over Satan. The cross broke the back of Satan. Christ emerged as the authority over Heaven and earth. He won over Satan on the cross and is free to distribute the spoils of victory. He proved on the cross that God's Plan was indeed just. His substitutionary spiritual death on the cross for all mankind in providing unlimited atonement was efficacious.

After three days, he emerged with a Resurrection Body and proclaimed: "All authority has been given to Me in Heaven and on earth" (Matt 28:18b). This is the victory of the Covenants. All the Covenants were herein fulfilled. This is what it is all about - human history, the creation, life, death, everything!

7. New Covenant to the Church (Matt 26:26-29; 1 Tim. 2:5; Heb. 8:6; 9:15; 12:24)

Matt 26:27 And when He had taken a cup and given thanks, He gave it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of you; 28 for this is My blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for forgiveness of sins. 29 "But I say to you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s kingdom."
1 Tim 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator also between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, 6 who gave Himself as a ransom for all, the testimony borne at the proper time
Heb 9:15 And for this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, in order that since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.
Heb 12:24 and to Jesus, the mediator of a new covenant, and to the sprinkled blood, which speaks better than the blood of Abel.
Number 7 - Meaning: Completion. The King did not have a Royal Family, which was required to complete Him.
The New Covenant to the Church was predicted in the Last Supper before Christ died on the cross (Matt. 26:27-29). The Royal Messiah had come to earth, but His chosen people, the Jews, had rejected Him. The Royal Messiah died and was resurrected with a new body but He had no Royal Family. The New Covenant to the Church is all about the calling out of a Royal Family of God. The New Covenant to the Church was intercalated into human history (not foretold by the Prophets of the Old Covenant (Law)), and the New Covenant to the Church is different from the New Covenant to Israel (which is the Millennium).

In His substitutionary spiritual death on the cross, Christ as the perfect man was the mediator of the New Covenant to the Church. As a perfect man without sin, He was able to bear the sins of all mankind. In His payment for sins, He reconciled all mankind to Himself. He satisfied all the demands of the perfect justice of God due to His perfect Righteousness. In His deity He mediated for God; and in His humanity He mediated for mankind. He satisfied all the demands of both.

But the Royal Messiah needed a Royal Family, and the Church Age is designed to fulfill that. Everyone born again in the Church Age is indwelt by the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. This one becomes a new spiritual species that never before existed in history. Christ is the head, and the Church is the body. Every believer in the Church Age can achieve a higher excellence that any other time in history. The Seventh Covenant is all about every believer being completed as well as the rest of the body, the Royal Family, the Bride of Christ.

8. Tribulation - Part 1 (Evangelism) (Rev 11:2-3)

Rev 11:3 "And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for twelve hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth."
Number 8 - Meaning: New birth, born again, evangelism. Just as 7 completes the category; 8 is the beginning of the new.
The Tribulation is the fulfillment of Daniel's 70th week - the remainder of the Age of Israel. Daniel foretold that there would be a week of years (7 years) left in Jewish History. Technically, the Law is operational; but something new exists. That is why this is given as the Covenant that governs the Tribulation (in two parts). The Tribulation commences immediately following the Rapture of the Church, when the Church is caught up to meet the Lord in the air and taken to Heaven.

The Jews who are left behind will suddenly wake up. There will be 144,000 (Rev. 7:4) great evangelists running around; and two great prophets (probably Moses and Elijah) to evangelize (Rev. 11:3). They will be on national television, and many will be saved. Thus, the first half of the Tribulation will be a time of world wide revival. So the 8th Covenant, where 8 is the number for new birth, fits perfectly.

9. Tribulation - Part 2 (Great Tribulation): Breaking the Covenant (Dan 7:25; 9:27; 11:30-31; 12:7, 11; 13:5; Joel 2:31; Zech 14:5; Matt 24:15-26; Rev.6:12; 12:14)

Dan 9:27 "And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate."
Dan 11:30 "For ships of Kittim will come against him; therefore he will be disheartened, and will return and become enraged at the holy covenant and take action; so he will come back and show regard for those who forsake the holy covenant. 31 "And forces from him will arise, desecrate the sanctuary fortress, and do away with the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the abomination of desolation.
Matt 24:15 "Therefore when you see the abomination of desolation which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand), 16 then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains; 17 let him who is on the housetop not go down to get the things out that are in his house; 18 and let him who is in the field not turn back to get his cloak. 19 "But woe to those who are with child and to those who nurse babes in those days! 20 "But pray that your flight may not be in the winter, or on a Sabbath; 21 for then there will be a great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the beginning of the world until now, nor ever shall.
Joel 2:31 “The sun will be turned into darkness, And the moon into blood, Before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes." (NAS)
Number 9 - Meaning: The 9 Plagues of judgment.
In the middle of the Tribulation, the bottom falls out. The Dictator of the Revived Roman Empire will set up a statue of himself in the Temple in Jerusalem and demand that the Jews worship him. This is called the Abomination of Desolation (Daniel 11:31). This Dictator (also called Antichrist) will try to get believers to come out of hiding so he can kill them. The Lord Jesus Christ prophesied that everyone should flee to the mountains at this time (Matt. 24:15-26). This is the time of the devil's desperation. He realizes he has lost his appeal trial; so he tries to annihilate the Jews. Demon armies are raised to attack Jerusalem. It is also surrounded by Gog (Russians) from the North, Oriental Armies from the East, and Arab Armies from the South.1

Where's the United States in all of this. No one knows. My speculation is that if it is still a nation at the Rapture, it will collapse from within due to the loss of the Church, the salt of the earth. Our nation is a nation under God, and it could not withstand the removal of the Church. Anyway during this time, there are catastrophes everywhere: In business, weather, volcanoes, earthquakes, eclipses and blockages of sunlight and the moon - "the moon will be turned to blood" (which happens when there is ash in the atmosphere).

The Lord will return before Israel is annihilated. This is the Second Advent in which Christ returns to the Mount of Olives, splits it in half, and makes a sea port connecting the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. The Lord will destroy the enemies of Israel (another fulfillment of the Abrahamic Covenant) in the Battle of Armageddon. The blood will run up to the horses bridles for 180 miles and it will take 7 months to bury the dead.

10. Baptism of Fire (Ezek 34:17; Matt 13:40-43; 25:30-34)

Matt 25:32 "And all the nations will be gathered before Him; and He will separate them from one another, as the shepherd separates the sheep from the goats; 33 and He will put the sheep on His right, and the goats on the left. 34 "Then the King will say to those on His right, ‘Come, you who are blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world.
Number 10 - Meaning: Judgment of the establishment as the Ten Commandments and the 10th judgment in Egypt - death of the firstborn.
The Baptism of Fire is the judgment of unbelievers at the end of the Tribulation. The whole earth is purged with fire to get it ready for the perfect environment of the Millennium. The believers (Jewish and Gentile) will go through this fire into the Millennium, but the unbelievers will be burned up. Unlike the Rapture, in this case the believers stay and the unbelievers are taken off the earth. So the Baptism of Fire is the Judgment for breaking the previous Covenant of the Tribulation. In this case, a person has only three and a half years to believe in Christ or he will be burned alive!

11. New Covenant to Israel (Millennium) (Jer 31:31-34; Heb 8:8-12; 13:20; Is. 55:3; Jer. 32:40; Ezek. 37:26 )

Heb 8:8 "Behold, days are coming, says the Lord, When I will effect a new covenant With the house of Israel and with the house of Judah; 9 Not like the covenant which I made with their fathers On the day when I took them by the hand To lead them out of the land of Egypt; For they did not continue in My covenant, And I did not care for them, says the Lord. 10 "For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel After those days, says the Lord: I will put My laws into their minds, And I will write them upon their hearts. And I will be their God, And they shall be My people. 11 "And they shall not teach everyone his fellow citizen, And everyone his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ For all shall know Me, From the least to the greatest of them. 12 "For I will be merciful to their iniquities, And I will remember their sins no more."
Number 11 - Meaning: True witness, as the 11 true disciples. In the Millennium everyone will have Bible Doctrine in their minds and hearts.
Davidic Covenant (Psa 89:3, 35; Psa 132:11-12)
Psa 89:3 "I have made a covenant with My chosen; I have sworn to David My servant, 4 I will establish your seed forever, And build up your throne to all generations." [Selah]
Psa 132:11 The Lord has sworn to David, A truth from which He will not turn back; "Of the fruit of your body I will set upon your throne. 12 "If your sons will keep My covenant, And My testimony which I will teach them, Their sons also shall sit upon your throne forever."
Jeremiah prophesied the New Covenant to Israel (Jer. 31:31-34), and many of the Prophets wrote about it. The New Covenant will mean living in perfect environment with the Lord Jesus Christ ruling as King. Everyone on earth will have Bible Doctrine and will be filled with the Spirit. Animals will be tame - even snakes, and there will be no war. The devil will be shut up in prison for 1,000 years. Even perfect environment does not solve man's problems because when Satan is freed from prison, he immediately convinces people of his lie and starts a Rebellion.

12. Final Judgment

Matt 28:18b "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth.
Number 12 - Meaning: Authority. The Lord Jesus Christ is the highest authority over all creation.
Satanic Rebellion and Final Judgment (Rev. 20:7-10)
Rev 20:7 And when the thousand years are completed, Satan will be released from his prison, 8 and will come out to deceive the nations which are in the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together for the war; the number of them is like the sand of the seashore.
Great White Throne
Rev 20:11 And I saw a great white throne and Him who sat upon it, from whose presence earth and heaven fled away, and no place was found for them. 12 And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life; and the dead were judged from the things which were written in the books, according to their deeds.
The Satanic Revolution at the end of the Millennium is put down. The Lord then executes the final judgment. Satan and the demons are sent to the Lake of Fire. Unbelievers are brought before the Great White Throne where the Lord Jesus Christ sentences them to the Lake of Fire forever, since their names are not in the book of life. Thus, the Lord Jesus Christ exercises final authority over all creation. Those who violate the Covenants and did not have Everlasting Life will be sentenced to the Lake of Fire. Notice that the unbelievers are judged on the basis of their good works - not their sins - because their sins were all paid for on the cross. All their good deeds are not good enough to be the Righteousness of God; therefore, they are condemned to eternal judgment.


BAPTISM OF FIRE The destruction of the earth by fire following the Tribulation. Unbelievers are burned up while believers go into the Millennium.

COVENANT A divine contract which governs the administration of the Plan of God between God and a single man, who may also be a mediator between God and mankind. God defines the conditions of the contract, the period of time for execution, and the judgment for violation.

DISPENSATION The administration of God over a specific period of history. From Greek (oikonomia)4 (1 Cor. 9:17; Eph. 1:10; 3:9; Col. 1:25; 1 Tim. 1:4).

LAWS of ESTABLISHMENT God's administration of authority and government over all mankind, for both believers and unbelievers, for the purpose of protecting individual freedom and preserving life. "There is no authority except from God" (Rom 13:1).

MILLENNIUM The reign of Jesus Christ on earth for 1,000 years. Christ and the Church will rule and tribulational believers will populate the earth. There will be perfect environment and universal knowledge of the Lord (Bible Doctrine in the soul of believers).

NEW COVENANT TO THE CHURCH The administration of the Plan of God for the Church Age in which the Church is called out to be the Royal Family of Christ.

NEW COVENANT TO ISRAEL The administration of the Plan of God for Israel in the Millennial reign of Jesus Christ as King. There will be universal knowledge of the Lord and an outpouring of the Holy Spirit.

RAPTURE The exit resurrection of the Church at the end of the Church Age (New Covenant to the Church). Believers will be caught up to meet the Lord in the air.

TRIBULATION Seven years allocated for the Jews after the Rapture of the Church and before the Baptism of Fire. The last half is the period of the devil's desperation and widespread disaster.


Larry Wood, 1996 - Revised September 4, 2002.

Author: Larry Wood

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